So, now you've finished fermenting and you successfully have beer, congratulations! Just one little problem... it's in a fermenter and its flat. Not too appealing just quite yet. To find out how much carbonation your brew should have, consult the Beer Priming Sugar Calculator. Not only will this give you options as to the kind of sugars you can use to carbonate your beer, but you can also get a spot-on measurement of how much sugar you need.
To get your priming solution ready, add about 2 cups or 475ml of water to a saucepan and bring to a simmer. Add your priming sugar and stir thoroughly to dissolve completely into a solution. While the 2 cups will get you close to what you need, you'll find it best to use just enough water to fully dissolve your priming sugar.
While the solution is cooling, be sure to take your bottles and sanitize all of them as well as your bottle caps.
Here comes the easy part. Let your freshly prepped priming solution cool down to below 100ºF and pour it into your fermenter. Stir the solution into your beer while minimizing agitation to prevent oxidation from the outside air.
Now that you have added the priming sugar to the beer, you're ready to put it into bottles. Using a small length of tubing attached to the spigot on your fermenter, or to the outlet of your racking cane, and a bottling wand, slowly fill the bottles with beer.
To get the flow started, push the bottling wand to the bottom of the bottle to create a gravity feed or a siphon. Keep an eye on the level of the beer going into the bottle and lift up on the bottling wand to stop the flow when the beer reaches the top of the bottle. This will leave just enough headspace in the bottle, about an inch, for proper carbonation after the wand is removed.
When you have your bottles filled, it's time to cap them and store them away.
Take your sanitized bottle caps and place one on each bottle. Next, use your bottle capper to press on a top to each bottle. Just like that, your beer is in it's final package!
Now, it's time to wait. Store your bottles in a cool dark place for 2-3 weeks so that the beer can fully carbonate. After this conditioning period, put them into the refrigerator and cool them for a day.
Finally, the time has come, crack open a beer and enjoy what you've made!
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